Cardiovascular Disease Statistics

European Cardiovascular Disease Statistics 2008

  • Each year cardiovascular disease (CVD) causes over 4.3 million deaths in Europe and over 2.0 million deaths in the European Union (EU).
  • CVD causes nearly half of all deaths in Europe (48%) and in the EU (42%).
  • CVD is the main cause of death in women in all countries of Europe and is the main cause of death in men in all countries except France, the Netherlands and Spain.
  • CVD is the main cause of the disease burden (illness and death) in Europe (23% of all the disease burden) and the second main cause of the disease burden in those EU countries with very low child and adult mortality (17%).
  • Death rates from CHD are generally higher in Central and Eastern Europe than in Northern, Southern and Western Europe.
  • Death rates from stroke are higher in Central and Eastern Europe than in Northern, Southern and Western Europe.
  • CVD mortality, incidence and case fatality are falling in most Northern, Southern and Western European Countries but either not falling as fast or rising in Central and Eastern European countries.
  • Each year smoking kills over 1.2 million people in Europe (450,000 from CVD) and about 650,000 people in the EU (185,000 from CVD). The numbers dying in Europe from CVD due to smoking rose by 13% between 1990 and 2000.
  • Smoking has been declining in many European countries but the rate of decline is now slowing. Women are now smoking nearly as much as men in many European countries and girls often smoke more than boys.
  • Dietary patterns across Europe - once very different - are now converging.
  • Diets are generally improving in Northern and Western European countries but deteriorating in Southern, Central and Eastern European countries.
  • Levels of physical inactivity are high in many European countries.
  • Levels of obesity are increasing across Europe in both adults and children.
  • Over 48 million adults in Europe and 23 million adults in the EU have diabetes and the prevalence is increasing.
  • Overall CVD is estimated to cost the EU economy €192 billion a year.
  • Of the total cost of CVD in the EU, around 57% is due to health care costs, 21% due to productivity losses and 22% due to informal care of people with CVD.

Please click here to access the 2008 report on European Cardiovascular Disease statistics.

The European Heart Network agreed to include a section on the economic cost of cardiovascular diseases into the publication on European Cardiovascular Disease statistics. This part of the report was prepared by the Oxford University. The methodology used for collecting the economic cost data is outlined in a separate document. Please see below for the methodology on cost calculation.

Please click here for a link to the press release.